Working Load Limit vs Breaking Load
"Working Load Limit" (WLL) and "Breaking Load" (also known as "Ultimate Load" or "Breaking Strength") are terms used in engineering and materials science to describe different aspects of load-bearing capabilities of equipment or materials:
- Working Load Limit (WLL): The Working Load Limit (WLL) is the maximum load that a piece of equipment or material is designed to safely handle under normal working conditions. It takes into account safety factors, potential variations in loading, and other considerations to ensure that the equipment operates reliably without failure during its intended use. Exceeding the WLL can compromise safety and lead to failure. WLL is a practical limit that provides a margin of safety for everyday usage.
- Breaking Load (Ultimate Load or Breaking Strength): Breaking Load, also known as Ultimate Load or Breaking Strength, refers to the maximum load or force that a piece of equipment or material can withstand before it fails or breaks. It is the point at which the material or equipment experiences permanent deformation or catastrophic failure. Breaking Load is often measured in controlled laboratory conditions and is used to determine the ultimate strength of a material or the maximum force that an equipment component can withstand.
In summary, the key difference between Working Load Limit (WLL) and Breaking Load is that WLL represents the safe operational limit under normal working conditions, while Breaking Load represents the maximum load that causes failure or catastrophic damage. It's important to ensure that equipment and materials are used within their specified WLL to maintain safety, while the Breaking Load helps engineers understand the absolute limits of a material's or equipment's strength.